Sanding and Finishing

Sanding and finishing is an important aspect of preserving your floor’s beauty. Selecting the right finish does not only protect the floor from moisture, dirt and wear, it gives the floor a great-looking sheen. Most wood floors are treated with a stain and topcoat. Surface finishes and penetrating stain and wax are two types of finishes. Each flooring finish has its own unique characteristics

Surface Finishes

Surface finishes are popular because they require very little maintenance, are durable and water-resistant. These finishes are a blend of synthetic resins. Surface finishes are commonly referred to as polyurethane and urethane. Surface finishes sit on the wood’s surface to create a protective coating. They are available in satin, matte, semi-gloss and gloss.

There are four types of surface finishes and their characteristics:

1. Oil-Modified Urethane

• Solvent-based polyurethane
• Dries in 8 hours
• Finishes to an amber color with age

2. Moisture-Cured Urethane

• Solvent-based polyurethane
• Provides greater durability and barrier to moisture
• Available in non-yellowing and ambering types
• Available in satin and gloss
• Professional application highly recommended

3. Conversion Varnish

• Clear
• Dries in 8 hours
• Durable and does not yellow
• Should be applied by a professional, wood installer

4. Water-based urethane

• Dries through water evaporation
• Clear, non-yellowing finish
• Dries in about two to three hours

Penetrating Stain and Wax

This type of finish is absorbed into the wood’s pores and hardens to create a protective seal. The wax has a low-gloss, satin sheen. Maintenance requires the periodic application of a thin layer of wax, cleaning products or buffing pastes. It is important that the wax used is solvent based. Also, use cleaning products specifically meant for wax-finished floors.